Real name - Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev..
Place of birth - Privolnoye, Stavropol Krai, Russian.
Date of birth - 2 March 1931.
President of URSS - 1985 - 1991.
Married - Raisa Gorbachova.
Children - Irina.
Mikhail Gorbachev: the man who toppled communism in Eastern Europe
After becoming General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev proposed a reform program, which was adopted. The first major reform introduced by him was the so-called "alcohol reform" designed to fight widespread alcoholism in the Soviet Union at the national level. Prices of vodka, wine and beer increased significantly, and sales were limited. But as a result the national economic was loss approximately 100 billion rubles by migrating production and sales of alcohol on the black market.
Currently, Gorbachev is highly appreciated in the West, for the actions that led to the end of the "Cold War". He is regarded with great affection in Germany for allowing reunification of Germany to the GDR. However, in Russia, his reputation is at low levels, people regard him as the main culprit for breaking the USSR, the economic crisis that followed the loss of superpower status.